Graffiti on a section of the so-called peace wall along Cupar Way in west Belfast, as seen from the Protestant side. The eight-meter-high concrete and corrugated iron partition separating Catholic Falls and Protestant Shankill areas of west Belfast, is the city's oldest and most imposing segregation wall.
First built in 1969 as a temporary solution to reduce violence, the peace walls — a euphemism for segregation barriers — have increased in number and scale since the start of the peace process. The barriers take many forms: Not only walls but also fences, gates, roads and empty buffer zones divide the Catholic and Protestant communities in some of the city's most economically deprived areas. The government promised to take the barriers down by 2023, but many residents are not ready for them to come down any time soon. Not all interface areas — the common boundary between a Protestant and a Catholic area — have a physical border. Sometimes there is only an invisible dividing line that local people are aware of.